What is Urban Resilience?

For most of humanity, the future involves living in cities. But to do so safely, urban communities need to be prepared for, and resilient to, the increasing and changing shocks they face.

The future is urban

Cities have always attracted people from rural areas in search of opportunities and connections. But right now the world's urban population is growing by around 1.4 million people every week. If this trend continues, by 2050 an estimated two thirds of the world's population will live in cities.

If this rapid urban growth isn't planned for properly, the number of people exposed to disasters, diseases, the impacts of climate change, and other hazards will continue to increase. It's the poorest people who will suffer the most, as they often live in the highest-risk areas and have the fewest resources to protect themselves.

Rapid and unplanned urbanization also presents new challenges for authorities and humanitarian organizations when it comes to preparing for, responding to, and helping communities recover from disasters in urban areas. These challenges include:

  • Hazards in urban areas often have 'cascading effects'. This means they can trigger other hazards which then create additional negative impacts (for instance flooding in cities can cause power outages that make it harder for people to recover)
  • Multiple stakeholders, interest groups and levels of governance in cities require more and better coordination
  • More people living in tightly packed areas means more competition for resources and conflicting interests
  • People living in cities are highly dependent on complex urban infrastructure (such as water and sanitation systems, electricity, transport). If these are compromised, they may not have any fallback options.

Learn more (IFRC Urban Resilience)